Official Name: Independent State of Samoa Indigenous Peoples: Samoans Official Languages: Samoan and English Political Status: Independent Nation Capital: Apia Population: 194,320 (2014 est.) Greeting: Samoa includes nine inhabited islands on top of a submarine mountain range.The largest islands are Savai’i at 703 sq mi (1820 sq km) and Upolu at 430 sq mi (1114 sq km), in which the capital, Apia, is located.Less extensive in scope and design, the traditional tattoos, or malu, worn by Samoan women are placed on the backs of the thighs and extend down to the knees.As a sign of great tribal standing and reverence, some women receive tattoos on their hands referred to as limas.Please note, the Monday after White Sunday is the observed public holiday.The Palolo Rise is a mysterious thing, with no exact date, but if you are in Samoa for this event, count yourself very lucky!The history of the Samoan tattoo, or tatau, is steeped in cultural tradition.An important rite of passage, the ritual application of a traditional Samoan design honors the journey into adulthood and the bravery of the individual undergoing this very painful and extensive process.
Archeologists place the earliest human settlement of the Samoan archipelago about 3,000 years ago.
Whatever occurred between 1,500 BC and 1,000 AD remains a mystery, though this may have been the period of great migrations that led to the settlement of present-day Polynesia.
Another mystery is that the making of pottery suddenly stopped–there is no oral tradition among the people of Samoa that explains this.
Samoans follow a code of living and culture called the which means “the Samoan Way.” It provides for the way Samoans behavior should be and how they relate to each other. This is the code that provides for the systems of chiefs that lead Samoan families.
The family is the most significant socio-political element of Samoan society.